Sunday, March 9, 2014

How to Treat Hypertension

How to Treat Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

This disease is most often silent: the hypertensive patient has no symptoms or visible signs. It is therefore necessary to measure blood pressure regularly, only way to detect hypertension.
However, a subject can sometimes feel the warning signs that should alert:
  • Heart problems (pain, chest discomfort, angina pectoris)
  • Kidney (urine or polyuria abundant; high frequency or frequency)
  • Headaches (especially at night), ringing in the ears, nose bleed
  • Imbalances, fatigue, memory loss, eye disorders (dizziness, transient loss of vision, etc..)
The general practitioner can measure blood pressure during a consultation. It uses a sphygmomanometer, a device having an inflatable cuff, most often used to compress the arm (brachial artery) of the patient. It performs multiple measurements (at least two), lying and sitting positions, to determine the mean values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Based on the results and diagnosis, the doctor may suggest an appropriate treatment to reduce high blood pressure and treat the patient.
Self-measurement, performed by the patient himself, is also possible: it allows, always using a suitable apparatus, to confirm and control hypertension.
It can be recommended for some people, especially seniors, to check several times and at their home blood pressure, to avoid diagnostic errors related to certain bias (stress induced by the effect of "white coat" in particular).
Manage and treatment
Treatment of hypertension based on antihypertensive medication and improving the lifestyle of hypertensives.
Drug treatments are essentially aimed at reducing cardiovascular risks incurred, to better control and lower blood pressure (approaching normal values). Several classes of antihypertensive drugs are available (thiazide diuretics, calcium channel blockers, inhibitors of ACE, ARBs or angiotensin II antagonists, etc..). The doctor may prescribe one or more additional drugs, depending on the situation of the patient, his age, history and risk factors, severity of hypertension, the cons-indications and possible side effects, etc..
In most cases, treatment against hypertension should be continued for life. Hypertensive individuals should generally associate this treatment with diet and lifestyle rules (appropriate diet, exercise, adequate and stable weight, etc..).
Prevention and control
The adoption of rules involved lifestyle modifications to prevent hypertension and cardiac and vascular disorders associated. A healthy lifestyle to prevent the development of hypertension and its risks is mainly based on:
  • A balanced diet and appropriate: it is particularly recommended to limit the intake of fat, salt and alcohol (harmful to the cardiovascular system) and promote fruits and vegetables (high in potassium). Alcohol can also reduce the effectiveness of drugs, it is strongly recommended to drink as little as possible.
  • The practice of regular physical activity: it takes part in the fight against overweight and obesity, which are aggravating factors. Walking, swimming, gymnastics, cycling, running sports are recommended. (Nevertheless, efforts need to be moderate, and be tailored to your health. Talk to your doctor.)
  • A stable body weight and relevance: weight loss, however small, can help reduce blood pressure
  • Stopping smoking, if that is the case
  • A lifestyle that promotes relaxation and reducing stress if possible
Read more information about causes and definition of hypertension in this article: http://mybloodpressurefix.com
Also you must read description of medicines against hypertension - Zebeta (Bisoprolol)
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Stiven_Benson

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